What is textile fiber | Types of textile fibers

What is textile fiber | Types of textile fibres

What is textile fiber | Types of textile fibres

In this article, garment merchandising will provide you information about What is textile fiber | Types of textile fibres .


Textile Fiber

Textile fiber may be a material mainly made of natural or synthetic sources. This material is going to be converts into the manufacture of textile yarns and fabrics; woven, knitted, nonwoven, and carpets. It’s going to be in a very variety of a pliable hair like strand or because the smallest visible unit of textile production.

Types of Textile Fibers

Since from the past, there are many varieties of textile fiber that are used or industrialized in textile production like cloth, rope, household and etc. In textile industry, fiber may be classified into two differing types supported their sources which are fiber and artificial fiber or well-known as synthetic fiber.

 Natural fiber

It is a fiber made of a cloth originated from natural sources. There are three main sources that may be gained to supply this type of fiber. Cellulosic fiber (origin from plant), Protein fiber (origin from animal) and also Mineral fiber. This type of fiber could only produce a staple yarn (short fibers) in terms length which isn’t too long compare with fiber. The dimensional structure of fiber would be in furriness surface due to their origin. Each reasonably them has their own characteristic and end-use demands.
Cellulosic fiber can be gained and categorized into three main types, Seed, Bast/Stem, and Leaf.

Unlike the opposite two sources, Mineral fiber is attainable from styles of rock source which is additionally called asbestos fiber. It’s a fibrous variety of silicate fabricated from magnesium and calcium. However, due to the chance of unhealthiness may occur the assembly of asbestos in textile industry is failure.

What is textile fiber | Types of textile fibres
Natural fiber



Synthetic Fiber

The term fiber refers to materials that’s not originated in natural sources but are developed by human by using chemical and mechanical process. Thus, fibre is well-known because the synthetic fiber. Unlike fiber, the properties of this fiber may be determined or controlled early before the assembly occurs. Unlike natural, fibre is produce in a very filament yarn or filament staple yarn base on the end-use. The dimensional appearance may be varies in line with the stress usage and after all, it may be as same-like appearance and properties because the fiber. There are two base forms of man-made that are widely employed by the textile industry, Natural Polymer base and artificial base.

Synthetic base refers to a fiber that has been made exclusively by the man-made process by using chemical substance because the sources. The properties of it’ll be determined totally at the initial for his or her demands by the manufacturer.

Natural Polymer or also called Redeveloped fiber is differently from Synthetic base. It’s man-made fiber that’s derived from natural cellulosic sources like pulp or cotton linters. The composition of those cellulosic is going to be treated or alters with polymerized technique to renew into a brand new sort of fiber.


What is textile fiber | Types of textile fibres
Synthetic fiber





Comparison between Natural and Synthetic

What is textile fiber | Types of textile fibres
Comparison between Natural and Synthetic


Fiber Availability


Natural fiber requires an extended time to restock the assembly although it’s renewable sources but in terms of unceasing production, natural can’t fulfill the wants. Unlike natural, fibre takes a shorter time to restock the assembly but still due to the widely use of oil, it takes a far longer time to renew the oil sources. In terms of continuous production, synthetic could provide over must fulfill the commercial requests.

Cost Production

Producer needs a high cost in terms of production for fibre. Numerous stages are mandatory like harvesting and cleaning before the stock may be gotten to converts into textile products. This makes the Natural base products must be sold at a high price compare with the Synthetic. While for synthetic because it’s accessible within the lab, plenty of money and time may be abridged to supply the textile products. Unlimited stock makes the price production are going to be less expensive than natural.


As well-known, fibre is created from the natural sources which make it have the power to degrade on naturally or with chemically helps. This is able to make the lifetime of natural to be shorter than synthetic. Because it is destroys naturally, fiber will contribute less to environment’s pollution. But on the opposite hand, Synthetic necessitates chemically help to damage the materials which can contribute to environment pollution due to the chemical treatment usage. This may make fibre tends to be green-earth in terms of lifetime and environment’s pollution.

Chemical Treatment

Synthetic fiber necessitates chemical treatment for the finishing process. A number of the chemical substances used have the intense possibility of health risk problem like menopause and cancer.


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