Mohair or Angora | Characteristics of Mohair
Mohair or Angora | Characteristics of Mohair: Mohair is the name of a rather precious natural textile fiber. Which is obtained from the fleece of the Angora goat. This animal belongs to the same species as the European domestic goat ( Capra hircus ). But it represents a breed (or subspecies) in its own right, native to Asia Minor and then settled in the Ankara province. The name Angora goat derives from the name of this city – now the capital of Turkey. During the 19th and 20th centuries, angora goat breeding also spread to Texas and South Africa. It is believed that the Angora goat derives from the markhor ( Capra falconeri ), a large wild goat native to Central Asia, in particular from Tibet and Kashmir; these places are also native to another famous breed of fine wool goats , those from Cashmere.
Characteristics of Mohair:
The adaptation of Angora goats to the arid climate of the Turkish regions meant that their fleece developed particular characteristics. Compared to European and Cashmere goats, the Angora goat has some important peculiarities.
Uniformity of the fleece:
In this regard, we recall that in goats two coats can be identified, one internal, thin and fluffy (particularly represented in Cashmere goats), and one external, made of coarse hair. In Angora goats the hair follicles that give rise to the two coats produce hairs of very similar diameter.
Absence of the annual mount:
The hair of the Angora goat grows continuously throughout the year, and does NOT undergo periodic falls (there is no change of mount).
Within a year, the hair of the Angora goat reaches 30cm in length (grows 2. 5cm per month), while in the case of half-yearly shearing the fibers reach 15cm in length. The use of longer fibers uses for wigs and doll hair.
In addition to these quantitative aspects, the hair of the Angora goat makes Mohair assume some important characteristics of textile interest:.
This property gives a particular shine to clothing and furnishing fabrics. It is particularly suitable for upholstery, curtains and rugs.
Elasticity and nervousness (resilience):
Mohair is the most elastic and crease-resistant natural fiber; for this reason, it is particularly suitable for the production of creases (which do not wrinkle). Furthermore, unlike virgin wool, it has a very low tendency to felting;
Mohair is also a good thermal insulator (both in summer and in winter), it is light and has good breath ability, is slightly flammable and has good resistance to stains. The main defect is given by the high thickness of the fibers, 2-3 times greater than that of cashmere and 1.5 times greater than that of wool.
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