Properties of Textile Fiber | Properties of Fiber

Properties of Textile Fiber | Properties of Fiber

Properties of Textile Fiber | Properties of Fiber: It is very necessary to know that what is textile fiber ? Before learning about properties of fiber. We can define textile fiber as; Any substance, natural or manufactured, with a high length to width ratio and with suitable characteristics for being processed into fabric; the smallest component, hair like in nature, that can be separated from a fabric. A complete post is published  on textile fiber. You can read this: What is Textile Fiber? | Types of Textile Fiber

There is always some properties of textile fibers . These properties of textile fiber are as mentioned  below:

 

Generally properties of textile fiber are three types:

  1. Physical Properties
  2. Chemical Properties
  3. Mechanical Properties

 

Physical Properties

  1. Length
  2. Lusture
  3. Maturity
  4. Softness
  5. Fineness
  6. Work of rupture
  7. Toughness
  8. Appearance
  9. Elongation
  10. Crimp
  11. Resiliency
  12. Flexibility
  13. Density

 

Chemical Properties

  1. Solubility in organic salt
  2. Solubility in aqueous sal

 

 Mechanical Properties

  1. Elasticity
  2. Strength
  3. Extensibility
  4. Rigidity

 

Except above that properties, fiber has also

  1. Torsional Properties
  2. Thermal Properties

Textile fiber properties can also classify in the following way:

Primary properties of textile fibres:

  1. Flexibility
  2. Spinning quality (Cohesiveness)
  3. Uniformity
  4. Tenacity
  5. High length to width ratio

Secondary properties of textile fibres:

  1. Resiliency
  2. Flammability and other thermal reactions.
  3. Elastic recovery and elongation.
  4. Physical shape.
  5. Moisture regain.
  6. Colour
  7. Density
  8. Luster

 

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