Sisal Fiber | characteristics of sisal Fiber| uses of sisal Fiber
Sisal Fiber | characteristics of sisal Fiber| uses of sisal Fiber: It is one of the most used and known natural fibers for rugs and ropes. It is extracted from sisalana agave , originally from Yucatán, Mexico. The name sisal derives, in fact, from a port near Mérida. Where large quantities of this fiber were shipped to the most varied destinations.
It is extremely resistant, biodegradable and is very common for the production of ropes , twine , handmade products and furnishing accessories such as rugs and baskets .
The history of sisal
Since prehistoric times, man has used this natural fiber first for the creation of ropes and then for handicrafts. Until the twentieth century, the cultivation of this plant took place in Mexico. And then it spread to Brazil, today the main exporter of sisal, and in East Africa especially in Tanzania and Kenya.
In recent years, interest has grown considerably due to its environmental sustainability, a feature which is why it is gradually replacing some plastic materials and fiberglass in the automotive, aeronautics and construction sectors.
Its processing can take place both by hand, in the case of small farmers, and mechanically. In both cases, the process requires that after the leaf is cut, its skinning takes place immediately in order to prevent it from drying out and being damaged. The fiber obtained is subsequently washed with water and hung to dry in the sun on threads.
The characteristics of sisal Fiber
- This textile fiber is very rough to the touch.
- It has a coarse texture and is light ecru in color, but the constant exposure to the sun can darken it until it becomes brown.
- It is characterized by excellent resistance to mechanical traction and bad weather and is totally biodegradable.
The uses of sisal
Thanks to its strength and appearance, it is an extremely versatile fiber that is used in the most heterogeneous areas.
This fiber is used for the production of:
- Ropes, twinesand threads because of its resistance and its considerable cost-effectiveness.
- Baskets and rugsappreciated for their natural appearance and their robustness
- brushes and spongesfor the scrub , as thanks to its roughness it massages the skin in order to remove dead cells favoring cell regeneration
- Scratching postfor cats
- Insulating materialin the construction industry
- Geotextilesin agriculture to stabilize and reclaim land
The rugs are made with a special process that makes the fibers very compact, further increasing the resistance. These rugs are, in fact, extremely resistant to wear due to trampling and can also be positioned in places of considerable passage such as corridors or entrances and as runners on stairs. Another feature is that they do not retain pet hair and are resistant to scratching cats. At the same time, the rugs in this natural fiber, thanks to their simple, yet elegant appearance, and their neutral color, lend themselves to being inserted in environments furnished in a modern, rustic, shabby chic or ethnic style.
Sisal does not like water and stains easily, so you have to clean it with a dry detergent, the good news is that lately a finish is available that makes it waterproof and stain-proof.
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