Types of chemicals in garment washing | Chemicals in garments washing

Types of chemicals in garment washing | Chemicals in garments washing

In this article, garment merchandising will discuss Types of chemicals in garment washing | Chemicals in garments washing : Different types of Chemicals are utilized in the garment washing department. Few chemicals are wont to whiten the fabric; some change the physical phenomenon of water and a few fix the dye elements etc. Now we are visiting discuss about some basic chemicals which we use within the washing department


  • Hygroscopic Agent
  • Whitening Agent
  • Silicon
  • Detergent
  • Sequestering Agent
  • Wetting Agent
  • Fixing Agent
  • Softening Agent
  • Bleaching Agent
  • Caustic Soda
  • Stiffening Agent
  • Soda
  • Waterproofing Agent
  • Rubber Ball
  • Stone
  • Enzyme
  • Rubbing Fastness Improver
  • DE foaming Agent
  • Acetic acid
  • Ant mildew agent
  • Hypo
  • Anti-Stain chemical
  • Phosphoric acid
  • Bio polishing


1)         Hygroscopic Agent

Hygroscopic agent are often defined because the agent, which may easily absorb water from nature. When the encircling environment turns into wet then we are able to use this agent to avoid unnecessary moisture from the clothes. As for example: salt, Amylopectin etc.

2)         Whitening Agent

Whitening agents upsurge the whiteness of the clothes. After using these agents, the clothes turn into whiter. Mostly we use this chemical for white garments to form it whiter. As an example, Optical brightener, 4bk etc. are whitening agents. After put on this agent, the molecules are attached with the clothes. When light fall on the clothes the molecules will emit the sunshine and garments will display more whiteness and brilliance.

3)            Silicon

For final finishing of the clothes, silicon is employed. It ensures the wonderful evenness, good hand feel and nice toughness of the clothes. Silicon emulsion imparts ultra-smoothness finish and silky hand feel finish. Though silicon is one variety of metal, its high lubricant properties.

4)            Detergent

A detergent may be a surfactant that has cleaning properties in dilute solution. In most household frameworks, the term detergent by itself refers specially to detergent or dish detergent, as against hand soap or other kinds of cleaning agents. These are usually available as powder or concentrated solutions. Detergents work like soap because they’re partly hydrophilic and partly hydrophobic. Their twin nature facilitates the elimination of oil, wax, and grease from the material during washing.

5)            Sequestering Agent

This agent is employed to dissolve the calcium and magnesium ions present in water. Calcium and Magnesium ions create difficulties in wet processing causing pin-hole effect. Sequestering agents are called Chelating agent. The subsequent are the three main stages during which sequestering agents are used:

  • Pretreatment
  • Bleaching
  • Dyeing

6)         Wetting Agent

Wetting agent may be a chemical which decreases the physical phenomenon of a liquid. Usually, the molecules of a liquid try and bond together and cause physical phenomenon. A surfactant stretches these bonds and decreases the propensity of the molecules to carry together, which allows the liquid to spread more easily across any solid surface.

7)         Fixing Agent

The agent which is employed to mend the dyes with fabric is termed chemical compound. This agent is employed after we must set color on the material. As a result, colorfastness to scrub, colorfastness to light and crocking etc. are improved.

8)         Softening Agent

The chemicals which we use to melt the clothes are called unstiffening agent. This agent is widely utilized in the washing sector because it improves the hand feeling of the clothes. There are many sorts of softener but cationic and non ionic softener is generally used. For color garments, cationic softener is employed and for white garments, non ionic softener is employed. Softener works inside the clothes cellulose.

9)            Bleaching Agent

Bleaching agents are chemicals which will remove or lighten color, typically via oxidation or reduction. Blanching agent is mostly used for eliminating color from garments. It’s also utilized in other industries. There are mainly two kinds of bleaching agents, one is oxidizing like H2O2 and another is reducing like H2S.

10)          Caustic Soda

Caustic may be a strong alkali. It works as a cleaning agent. We use it within the washing bath for eliminating color and cleaning. It upsurges the PH value of the liquor. It also works as a de sizing agent. Its chemical structure is NaOH.

11)          Stiffening Agent

This is the chemical that we use to stiff the clothes. Resin, Silicate and Melamine etc. are the samples of Stiffening agent.

12)          Soda

It is also alkali like substance to get rid of color. It also increases the PH of the answer. We also use this for de sizing, cleaning and scouring. Soda is additionally referred to as soda. Its chemical structure is Na2CO3.

13)  Waterproofing Agent

The chemicals that we use to safeguard water absorbency are called water proofing agent like PVC.

14)       Rubber Ball

Rubber ball makes the garment softer than soft. We are able to enhance the softness of the clothes moreover as abrasion by using rubber ball.

15)       Stone

Stone is particularly utilized in denim garments to induce high or low abrasion. We use pumice (should be iron free) after we need more abrasion on denim garments. The garment won’t pass the sensor if the iron is stayed with this stone. Stone size is obtainable 2/3 and 3/4. Generally we use ¾.

16)       Enzyme

Enzymes are proteins, composed hundreds of organic compound which are produced by living organism. They’re answerable for number of reactions and biological activities. It’s also biocatalyst and chemical compound of upper mass. They’re very precise about their work.

Enzymes are used for cleaning product as cleaning and fabric care agent. Most of the enzymes failure soils and stains.

17           Rubbing Fastness Improver

The chemical that enhances  the rubbing fastness of the clothes is termed rubbing fastness improver.

18)          DE foaming Agent

A De foamer or anti-foaming agent may be a chemical additive that minimizes and delays the froth formation within the liquids during industrial operations. In industrial operations, foams pose grave problems. They produce surface coatings. They prevent the sufficient filling of the containers. A spread of chemical formulas are available to stop formation of foams.

19)          Acetic acid

It is one reasonably acid that has numerous uses at washing department. This chemical is employed to manage PH and also for cleaning. Its chemical structure is CH3COOH.

20)          Ant mildew agent

The chemical which protect the clothes from mold and mildew is termed anti mildew agent. Example: Zinc chloride.

21)          Hypo

It is a powerful neutralizing agent. After using any oxidizer we used this chemical to neutralize the clothes. It’s used for achieving blue tone within the garments.

22)          Anti-Stain chemical

In garment washing anti stain chemical helps to safeguard   from staining from water. Within the bulk wash we’ve to use different chemicals and for the effect of chemicals color is washed out from the clothes. Those colors may again back to the clothes especially at pocket area. To safeguard those colors anti back satin is employed.

23)          Phosphoric acid

It is a type of acid that is used for particularly to activate the oxidizer. It’s employed in the mixture of potash. If we add oxyacid within the potash solution then potash are going to be more active.

24)          Bio polishing

It is one types of acid enzyme, But there’s little different from acid enzyme. In bio polishing, there was solution but acid enzyme no solution. Just in case of solution, PH remains same as earlier.These kinds of chemical are employed in garments washing for removing brush for its special action. After using bio polishing, garments achieved more softness.


Hope this article will prove it a helping hand to the readers and reader will get a clear introduction of these chemical used in garment washing department.


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