What is a taffeta fabric ?
Taffeta is a crisp, smooth woven fabric in plain weave. The major raw material of taffeta fabric is silk. Taffeta can also be weaved with some man made fibers like nylon, polyester, acetate or any other synthetic fiber. Weight of taffeta fabric varies from light to medium depending types of fibers used in its weave and tightness of fabric weave. Taffeta fabric is mostly used in making corsets, skirts, jackets, luxurious evening gowns, coats, blouses, curtains, and interior decorations. We are most impressed by the photo shoot of celebrities at award shows while walking on the red carpet with their attractive and eye-catching gowns and dresses. Most of the time the fabric used for these lavish dresses is taffeta. While the name of the taffeta fabric is not as common as chiffon, cotton, silk, velvet. Taffeta fabric has a vital role in fashion and household accessories.
It is derived from the Persian language, the word taffeta means ‘twisted woven’. The origin of this fabric is attabiya which is in Bagdad. It was originated in the 12th century. Japan was also making taffeta fabric until 1950. In the current time bulk of the production of silk taffeta is happening in Asia, especially in the southern region of India near Bangalore. Traditionally it was producing through handlooms but after the 1990 mechanical revolution in textiles replaced these handlooms with power looms When Taffeta fabric is weaved with high twist yarn then its texture seems like a tightly woven fabric. There are many types of taffeta fabrics such as from glassy to matt, from opaque to sheer. The fabric made from silk can be piece dyed and yarn dyed both. Fabric made from the dyed yard is stiff as compared to piece-dyed and people like to wear it on a special occasion. The piece-dyed taffeta is soft; it is usually used in linings. Extremely lightweight weighs normally (45 g/m²), medium weight taffeta weighs (150 g/m²).
Types of taffeta fabric:
- Paper Taffeta:This fabric is very thin in nature, crisp paper and very light in weight. That’s
Why it is named as paper taffeta.
- Taffeta Lame: This fabric has such type of flexibility that you can fold it easily, make pleats easily and the best for creating sculptured shapes.
- Ombré Silk Taffeta: ombre effect is used to design this type of taffeta fabric; this effect is characterized by colors flowing from one to another. This fabric is the best long length skirts and maxi dresses since you can enjoy the change of color.
- Fill Coupé Taffeta: This type of taffeta fabric seems like a jacquard design and shiny yarn blended into the weave. It is a silky smooth taffeta is used to design one of those mind-blowing dresses, which are normally seen on fashion shows catwalks.
- Double Faced Taffeta: This type of fabric looks very impressive and amazing after sewn in funky style into a two-colored piece of clothing.
- Moiré Taffeta: It has a curvy, imprint pattern. This type has special patterns of weave while manufacturing. The signature look of ‘watered silk’ can also be caused by running the fabric through engraved copper rollers.
- Faille Taffeta: In this type staple natural fibers are used in a rib weave to make this fabric.
- Stretch Silk Taffeta: Blending of elastane into its weave gives stretch silk taffeta. It is adjustable which ensures a perfect fit for comfortable wear. It is used for fitted and semi-fitted styles.
- Shot Silk Taffeta:It is also known as Changeable Taffeta’. warp and weft t comes in different colors in its weave. This type of taffeta was popular with the notables in the 18-th and 19-th century. It is the best choice for special occasion wear.
What are the advantages of taffeta?
- Pliability: Due to stiff in nature fabric creates a structural outline. Taffeta does not lose its shape silhouette with time.
- No Pilling: protruding fibers emerge on the surface of the fabric with the time passage which is called pilling of the fabric. In the case of fabric, no pills arise on its surface.
- Luxurious: The Best quality of fabric is its softness with shine and brittle which gives an iconic look. The softness with shine in this fabric due to silk and rayon fibers used in its weave.
What are the disadvantages of taffeta?
- Fabric Handling: The fabric is slippery and can be difficult to move with a sewing machine. To make it’s handling a bit easier to work with and to make it soft try pre-washing and sharp needle should be used.
- Costly: Silk is a major raw material in the making of this fabric. That’s why this fabric is very expensive to wear because of the silk cost. But the fabric made by polyester is much more affordable.
- Inflexibility: It does not have much elasticity. so, where the flexibility needed taffeta fabric is not ideal fabric.
- Snagging: In the making of taffeta fabric, finer fibers are used. That’s why the fabric can hitch easily and create wrenches.
Uses of taffeta Fabric
- Home Decoration: Heavier and inflexible fabric create mind-blowing window curtains. Sometimes it is also used for wallpaper.
- Gowns: Luster of this fabric makes itself unique when used to make a dress.
- dresses to evening wear taffeta become a craze. It has become a necessity of fashion and the reason is its shiny look and beautiful texture.
- Undergarments: This fabric is openly used in undergarments like corsets. Where a rigid fabric is needed to hold waistline.
- Linings: mostly lining is used inside the jacket. Piece-dyed silk taffeta fabric is best to use as it feels soft to touch and gives decorative look too.
- Making parachutes: History tells us that piece-dyed silk taffeta fabric was used to make parachutes in World War 2.
How to wash a taffeta fabric
- care is required in the case of its wash. Always it should be dry cleaned if it is silk made taffeta or hand washed with cold water. In the case of taffeta made from synthetic fibers, washing can be done at home. Some important tips are enlisted for washing synthetic taffeta.
- Use cold water for washing. Hot water can cause color bleeding of fabric.
- Use the best detergent for washing.
- Do not twist the garment to rinse water because it will ruin fabric shape.
- Do not hang at direct sunshine. Just a good ventilated area will be enough for its dryness.
- The heat of iron must be kept low while pressing.